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  Desmund Tutu
Chair in Ethical Management
HEC Montreal


Desmund Tutu : Do not hate … let us choose the peaceful way to freedom.

In dehumanizing others, they are themselves dehumanized. Perhaps oppression dehumanizes the oppressor as much as, if not more than, the oppressed. They need each other to become truly free, to become human. We can be human only in fellowship, in community, in koinonia, in peace.


When does compassion, when does morality, when does caring come in?

I just hope that one day people will realise that peace is a far better path to follow.

Born: 7th October 1931, Klerksdorp, about 150 km southwest of Johannesburg.  His father was a teacher, his mother relatively uneducated. The young Tutu was raised in an atmosphere of tolerance and sympathy where, he later says, ‘I never learnt to hate’. At the age of 12, when his family moved to Johannesburg, he first met and was later greatly influenced by Father Trevor Huddleston, an Anglican cleric in the Johannesburg township of Sophiatown and outspoken early critic of apartheid.

1951-1953      After matriculating from the Johannesburg Bantu High School, he chose to follow his father's footsteps. He took a teacher's diploma at the Pretoria Bantu Normal College and studied for his Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of South Africa (UNISA)

1954    teacher at the Johannesburg Bantu High School

1955    at the age of 24 he wrote to the Prime Minister about the diabolical apartheid policy; he also married his wife, Leah (they have three daughters, a son and several grandchildren)

1955-1957      teacher at Munsieville High School, Krugersdorp 

1958-1960      following the introduction of Bantu education, he decided to enter the ministry in the Church of the Province of Southern Africa and become an ordinand at St Peter's Theological College, Rosettenville; Licentiate in Theology

1961    ordained to the Anglican priesthood in Johannesburg as Dean and lectures at a theological seminary in Johannesburg

1962-1966      Bachelor of Divinity Honours (1965) and Master of Theology (1966) degrees at King’s College, London while acting as a part-time curate

1967    teach at the Federal Theological Seminary at Alice on the Eastern Cape and serves as chaplain at the University of Fort Hare

1970    lectured in the Department of Theology, University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland

1972-1975      Associate Director of the Theological Education Fund of the World Council of Churches, based in Kent, UK.  He was also honorary curate of St Augustine's. 

1975    first black to hold the position of Dean of St. Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg (he emerges as an eloquent spokesperson for the antiapartheid movement and begins to attract world attention)

1976    Bishop of Lesotho

1978(-1985)    first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches (SACC) (becoming one of the leading critics of apartheid both in South Africa and on the international stage)

1979    called for sanctions against South Africa

1984    Nobel Peace Prize - Oslo, Norway for his efforts towards reconciliation and an end the Apartheid system in South Africa

1985    first black Anglican Archbishop of Johannesburg

1986    first black Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town (becoming the head of the Anglican church in South Africa and leader of South Africa's 1.6 million Anglicans. While serving in this position he intensified his criticism of apartheid)

1987    President of the All Africa Conference of Churches

1988    Chancellor of the University of the Western Cape

1995    Chair of the South African’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission which attempted to uncover gross human rights violations through the testimony of victims and perpetrators committed during apartheid.  He also suffered from prostate cancer during the inquiry

1996    Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town
Following the presentation of the Commission’s report to the President in October 1998, Tutu has been visiting professor at several overseas universities (e.g. Episcopal Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the US, 2002; King's College London, 2004), and he has also published several books.  He has received numerous awards and honorary doctorates, including Harvard, Kent, Columbia, Aberdeen, Howard University.  He has also received many prizes and awards in addition to the Nobel Prize, notably the Order for Meritorious Service Award (Gold) presented by President Mandela, the Archbishop of Canterbury's Award for outstanding Service to the Anglican Communion, the Prix d'Athene (Onassis Foundation), the Family of Man Gold Medal Award (1983), the Martin Luther King Jr Non Violent Peace Prize (1984) and the Sydney Peace Prize.  Archbishop Tutu has travelled widely and has spoken out on foreign issues, e.g.: in 2002 he accused Israel of practising apartheid in its policies towards the Palestinians; he warned that Zimbabwe was sliding into dictatorship under President Robert Mugabe; and during 2003 he also urged US President George Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair to admit they had made a mistake in waging an ‘immoral’ war in Iraq.

This leadergraphy looks at her leadership through different aspects of her life, social, cultural, psychological, spiritual, biological, etc. The founder and leader of the Missionaries of Charity was more then just a leader, she was an integral leader. She was not simply a Charismatic leader, a self-appointed leader and could be classified in the traditional concepts of charismatic leadership. This book shows that Mother Teresa’s mission and leadership emerged from an integral growth process. Her vocation and leadership, intimately linked to her integral development, arose through a series of discontinuous awakening experiences called epiphanies. These epiphanies have been, among others, intense moments of suffering or spiritual experiences that transformed Mother Teresa’s life. They have let her to found a new religious order and lead numerous people to the joy of giving.

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Key documents on Desmund Tutu

Sample publications:

By Desmund Tutu

        God Has a Dream: A Vision of Hope for Our Time (2004, Doubleday)

        No Future Without Forgiveness (2000, Image)

        The Rainbow People of God (1996, Image)

        The Words of Desmond Tutu (1996, Newmarket Press)

        An African Prayer Book (1995, Doubleday)

        Bishop Desmond Tutu: the voice of one crying in the wilderness: a collection of his recent statements in the struggle for justice in South Africa (1982, Mowbray)


        Desmond Tutu: A Biography (Greenwood Biographies) by Steven D. Gish (2004, Greenwood)

        Reconciliation: The Ubuntu Theology of Desmond Tutu by Michael Battle (1997, Pilgrim)

        Tutu: Voice of the Voiceless by Shirley Du Boulay (1989, Penguin)



Key Websites on Desmund Tutu

The Desmond Tutu Peace Centre

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